The price of prescription drugs has brought scrutiny to the entire drug supply chain. Congress and other policymakers continue to seek opportunities to lower costs for patients and the federal government. Pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs) are a key stakeholder in the drug supply chain, functioning as intermediaries between insurance providers and pharmaceutical manufacturers.

Congress and other stakeholders are raising questions about PBMs’ operations and their impact on drug prices and out-of-pocket costs for patients. In the 118th Congress, six key committees have advanced legislation that would increase PBM transparency and reporting obligations and modify other business practices. In the House, three committees combined to introduce H.R. 5378, the Lower Costs, More Transparency Act, which passed the House December 11, 2023. Read on as we review and compare policies in the Lower Costs, More Transparency Act and the PBM bills considered individually by the relevant House and Senate committees.

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